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Individual: Bicknell, Alcson
Birth date: Jan 23, 1926
Death date: Oct 15, 1995
Social Security #: 284-20-3028
Last residence: 85008
State of issue: OH
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Individual: Bicknell, Alexander
Birth date: Feb 16, 1888
Death date: May 1966
Social Security #: 450-58-0357
Last residence: TX 79042
State of issue: TX
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Individual: Bicknell, Alfred
Birth date: Oct 30, 1883
Death date: Jan 1978
Social Security #: 029-05-2797
Last residence: FL 33570
State of issue: MA
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Individual: Bicknell, Alice
Birth date: Jan 7, 1887
Death date: Sep 1973
Social Security #: 266-22-1455
Last residence: MA 01609
State of issue: FL
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Individual: Bicknell, Alice
Birth date: Jun 12, 1890
Death date: Aug 1969
Social Security #: 458-42-5491
Last residence: AL 35222
State of issue: TX
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Individual: Bicknell, Alice
Birth date: Jul 6, 1892
Death date: Apr 1980
Social Security #: 288-09-1595
Last residence: OH 45244
State of issue: OH
Zip of last payment: 45227
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Individual: Bicknell, Alice
Birth date: Dec 1, 1894
Death date: Aug 1981
Social Security #: 578-30-9068
Last residence: MD 20904
State of issue: DC
Zip of last payment: 20904
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Individual: Bicknell, Herbert
Birth date: Apr 28, 1919
Death date: Dec 26, 1992
Social Security #: 140-14-6368
Last residence: 07059
State of issue: NJ
Various newspaper articles between 1988 and 1994 describe Julian's
architectural career rather well:
STM 30 Oct 94 Star tekkies; UK plc; Cover Story (862)
The 'tekkies' do not have it all their own way, however.
Britain's other architectural ambassadors include the exotic
shape-maker Will Alsop, the monumental approach of Michael
Wilford (the late Jim Stirling's partner), the Palladian
re-revivalist Julian BICKNELL, the eclectic Nigel Coates, and
several variants of cool-school modernist from Troughton McCaslan
to Pierre D'Avoine and David Chipperfield.
STL 19 Jun 94 Albany at Large: Royal display of two cultures
Completed only seven years ago, Henbury Hall is a jewel of a
house in the Palladian style, modelled upon La Rotonda, Vicenza.
It stands on the site of a large house so riddled with dry rot
that it was pulled down by Sebastian's father, Sir Vincent de
Ferranti, in 1958. Out of its dust rose the present cube of
honey-coloured stone designed by Julian BICKNELL, who restored
the interiors of Castle Howard after the fire. The painter Felix
Kelly also had a hand in its conception. A Latin inscription
records that the Prince of Wales laid the foundation stone.
IND 06 Jul 94 Obituary: Felix Kelly (791)
Happily, some of Kelly's most beautiful paintings are open to
These are the set of murals he painted for George Howard, owner
of Castle Howard, the wonderful Vanbrugh house in Yorkshire. In
1940, when the house was occupied by a girls' school, a great
fire destroyed its south front.
Forty years later, after Castle Howard had been cast as
Brideshead in the television dramatisation of Evelyn Waugh's
novel, George Howard used the fees derived to recreate a garden
hall on the south front. He had long been a patron of Kelly's and
visualised a special room designed by the architect Julian
BICKNELL to house a set of Kelly murals on panels.
INS 22 Mar 92 Hi-tech house that thinks it's a home:
State-of-the-art advances will have to fight for house room
behind a traditional facade in the British home of 2002, says
Jonathan Glancey (1400)
This pattern of retro-style housebuilding reflects the values of
British house buyers who aspire to the mythical life of the
country squire - whether they choose to live in a 'traditionally
styled' executive house in a cul-de-sac in Milton Keynes, a
swanky air- conditioned Neo-Georgian pile in Hampstead's Bishop's
Avenue or can afford to commission a replica Palladian or Soanian
villa by one of the Prince of Wales's chosen architects, such as
Quinlan Terry, John Simpson and Julian BICKNELL.
TMS 22 Aug 91 Architecture school spreads royal vision (352)
The students begin by making detailed drawings of the classical
orders of architecture with all their mouldings, under the
guidance of the architect Julian BICKNELL. Some drawings are of
exquisite quality. All regularly attend life classes. Having been
to Oxford's Botanic Gardens to sketch, they are now producing
plaster casts of ornaments based on their drawings. Some students
have had their first taste of stone carving.
ECN 18 Aug 90 Arts: Forward to the past - Architecture (793)
It may meet quite other needs, as Mr Julian BICKNELL, architect
of the Henbury Rotunda, a 1984 pastiche of Palladio, pointed out.
'In architectural schools there is a tradition of students
defending their schemes. To get through, they have to be
arrogant. Modest architects are almost unknown'.
Yes - but if you think Wren or Palladio was modest, circumspice
(which in today's modest language means, take a look around).
DTL 13 Aug 90 Students of the Prince: The aim - the birth of
a new era of classical architecture. The inspiration - Prince
The means - a summer school (1354)
For most, the course comes as something of a shock. The architect
Julian BICKNELL, whom I saw in action last week, is certainly a
He set the students to work on drawing one of the orders and then
designing a portico based on it.
IND 20 Jun 90 Architecture Update: Disappointing plans (75)
The Foreign Office has admitted that the plans for the new
residence, designed by Julian BICKNELL, are likely to be shelved.
IND 17 Jan 90 Architecture: The magic brush: every picture
sells a storey: Rowan Moore on the architectural artist Carl
Laubin, who specialises in colourful oil paintings of schemes as
yet unbuilt (1264)
Another example is a country house by the architect Julian
BICKNELL, where a landscape painting by Felix Kelly, showing a
rotunda in a romantic landscape, was his brief. His job was to
turn a painting into a building.
Laubin's popularity is a third example.
IND 20 Dec 89 Architecture: A Classicism beyond the 'battle
of the styles': Gavin Stamp believes that new building inspired
by past triumphs can be much more than pastiche (1681)
Other young Classicists may fill the breach, such as the
intelligent and broad-minded Robert Adam of Hampshire, and Julian
BICKNELL, who combines faithfulness to Classical principles with
GDN 20 Nov 89 The Monday Profile: Classical man against
machine - Leon Krier (2552)
For the professional descendants of Bauhaus and Le Corbusier, a
philosophical bedrock and a faith are being challenged and
undermined. And they are being undermined by a cabal that would
once, a few short years ago, have been thought ridiculous, a
joke. Krier, the once threadbare, eccentric but harmless lecturer
at the Architectural Association, defender of (ho ho) Albert
Speer; Quinlan Terry, provincial evangelist ('Modernism is the
work of the devil') and flaky faadist; a handful of more obscure
practitioners like Julian BICKNELL, set designer for Brideshead
Revisited, Winchester-based Robert Adam and John Simpson,
designer of the (HRH-approved and likely to prevail) classical
proposal for Paternoster Square; and, of course, the heir to the
throne, a gentle and likable man, doubtless, open-minded and
thoughtful, certainly, but hardly qualified by dint of a BA in
archaeology and wide travel to pronounce on architecture and the
whole built environment.
IND 15 Nov 89 Architecture: Classic examples of opportunism:
The collapse of popular faith in modern design is giving us
buildings that are at best inoffensive, Rowan Moore argues (1492)
The Grand Buildings competition in Trafalgar Square, for example,
attracted 120 entrants in any number of styles but was won by a
scheme which replicated the Edwardian Baroque building already
on the site. At Paternoster Square, next to St Paul's, the
winners of another competition foundered on the Prince of Wales's
criticisms. It now looks as though the site will be developed to
a Neo-Classical plan devised by the Classicist John Simpson and
executed by the developers' favourite Post-Modern Classicist,
Terry Farrell. Simpson is still the favourite to design the vast
office scheme London Bridge City Two to the south west of Tower
Outside London, Simpson, Quinlan Terry and Julian BICKNELL, among
others, have designed a number of Classical country seats, while
Robert Adam has built a public library and offices in Hampshire.
If Quinlan Terry is the Jehovah's Witness of the new Classicism,
Krier, although more Darwinian, is no less convinced of its
rightness. Julian BICKNELL, by contrast, sees it as one of
several options. Through television, film and photography, he
says, we are now more aware of different possibilities than ever
before, and 'everyone except architects sees architecture as an
The role of a television drama in his development is significant:
BICKNELL likes to describe his architecture as 'theatre', and
sees Classical revivalism as a theatrical event. He proves his
point with a Palladian clubhouse he is designing for a Japanese
golf club. For his clients the value of the project is in its
very incongruity, and it is also an extension of a Japanese
fondness for playing roles, for 'living a multiplicity of lives'.
Between BICKNELL and Terry are those who believe Classicism to
be the best possible style, without resorting to religion or
evolution to justify it.
They include the Winchester-based architect Robert Adam, and John
Simpson, author of the Classical alternatives for both London
Bridge City Two and Paternoster Square.
Along with both Terry and BICKNELL, Simpson sees Classicism as
a way of building within a discipline that relates to human scale
and gives the architect a system of ornament to work with. The
same might be said of Gothic architecture, but Simpson feels that
Classicism, with its repetition of elements, is more suited to
an industrial economy. As for Krier, Classicism is for Simpson
the best way of unifying different buildings into an urban whole.
In claiming for their work the qualities of scale, harmony, good
construction and a respect for the past, Terry, Krier, Simpson
and others are hardly controversial. Any architect, working in
any manner, would make similar claims. But the new Classicists
are not offering (Julian BICKNELL apart) just another
alternative, but, like the polemicists of the modern movement,
a rejection of the recent past, and a style somehow superior to
any other. Over the last 20 years, the history of architecture
has been one of the slow and painful dismantling of dogma. Before
we subject ourselves to a new dogmatism, we might ask whether the
quality of the work justifies it.
FT 05 Dec 88 Arts: Embassy Fronts Classical Intrigue /
Architecture Review (1128)
Strong architectual currents were blowing round the corridors of
Whitehall last week. In the spatially gaunt but decoratively
grand Durbar Court of the Foreign Office (by Matthew Digby Wyatt,
1897) the winner of the architectural competition for a new
residence for the British Ambassador in Moscow was announced. The
architect was selected from a short list of eight.
His name is Julian BICKNELL and he has produced a design that has
left the architectural world distressed and bemused and the
Government and the Foreign Office delighted.
It is the fact tht Mr BICKNELL (who recently completed a fine
country house in Cheshire which is almost a replica of Palladio's
Villa Rotonda) has designed a classical house that has so upset
the wilting architectural establishment. I must confess that I
was initially puzzled but what certainly has to be seen as a
conservative choice must also be seen, if possible, beyond the
superficialities of style. There is a grave danger at the moment
of the polarisation of architectural opinion to such an extent
that reasoned criticism becomes impossible.
Meeting the brief is as important as any stylistic consideration.
It would be natural too for any diplomat looking at any future
setting for his life and work to try and sense the kind of
atmosphere that he considers appropriate. It is easy to imagine
the British Ambassador receiving guests in Mr Bicknell's domed
hall and showing them into the Soanian concert room.
They are plain but elegant spaces that will be filled with
pictures and furniture by young British craftsmen and designers.
What was disturbing was the fact that in his drawings Mr BICKNELL
shows all the visitors to the Residence in early 19th-century
pre-Revolutionary dress. Perhaps British Ambassadors have a
penchant for costume parties?
FT 01 Dec 88 Observer: BICKNELL Wins The Prize (182)
Julian BICKNELL, who won, says that it is diplomatic language to
conceal that the assessors - diplomats and architects - were
divided. In fact, he is delighted with the award. It is the first
time that British architects will build in Moscow for over 50
years and renews a tradition that goes back well before the
TMS 30 Nov 88 Classic look for Moscow home (358)
Top: Mr Julian BICKNELL and fellow architects Mr Steve Chapma n
(left) and Mr Chris Hay (right), with the winning design for the
residency of the British Ambassador in Moscow. Above: the south
elevation of the building which will be put up in the area around
the Church of the Transfiguration, the home of the capital's
intelligentsia before the 1917 Revolution.
The competition-wi nning design for a new residency for the
British Ambassador in Moscow was unveiled at the Foreign Office
in London last night. Mr Julian BICKNELL, who designed the
classical building, was selected from a shortlist of eight
Mr BICKNELL says it has the domestic scale and informality of a
desirable suburban residence, but it is also clearly influenced
by sixteenth-century Italian and eighteenth-century English
Mr BICKNELL said: 'This was a complicated diplomatic exercise
resulting from a 10-page brief which was a model of its kind.
Moscow planners laid down stringent parameters so that any new
building would not be more than three storeys in height and
relate to the special character of its location'.
IND 30 Nov 88 BICKNELL designs 3m pound house for ambassador
in Moscow (194)
The small Covent Garden- based architects' practice of Julian
BICKNELL last night beat off competition from about 100 British
architects to win the contract to design the Ambassador's new
home in the heart of old Moscow.
Mr BICKNELL won the prize only narrowly on a majority vote of the
panel of judges - chaired by the Duke of Gloucester - who said
his entry was 'sensitive in both scale and appearance to a part
of Moscow that has preserved its character amid widespread and
traumatic architectural change during this century'.
STM 27 Nov 88 A classical home from home; Julian BICKNELL to
design the British ambassador's new residence in Moscow (401)
The architect chosen to design the British ambassador's new
residence in Moscow is Julian BICKNELL, known for his quiet
domestic architecture and 18th century leanings. BICKNELL was the
only classicist among eight architects competing for the job.
TMS 12 Mar 88 Arts Diary: For his eyes only (205)
Quinlan Terry, the original architect, was replaced by Julian
BICKNELL, whose design was based on a painting by Felix Kelly.
Although it has now been completed, de Ferranti is refusing to
let members of the public inspect the building. Beryl Casswell,
de Ferranti's secretary, points out that the great man has every
right to tick the box marked no publicity.
Raymond Bicknell, my grand-father, went to Wellington College and then
Cambridge University. He rowed in the Christ's College 1st VIII and won
his oars in the Lents and in the Mays. His father Percy still had money
as his business's crash did not come until 1902 (Raymond was 27 then). So
after graduating he got a job as agent for a horse-owner in Newmarket and
was able to travel to Cambridge to coach Christ's 1st VIII, successfully.
Raymond went to Ireland after the crash and worked for the Kilkenny
Brewery. He left with glowing references althought this might have hidden
the notion that he could not bear to work with such crooks and wanted to
leave. He married Phillis Ellen Lovibond and moved to Rowlands Gill, Co.
Durham, impoverished. He was called up in 1915 (age 40) and became a
Subaltern in the Royal Marines.
But Phillis's father was Thomas Watson Lovibond ("T.W."), Managing
Director of the Newcastle Brewery. The standard test for clarity of
liquids is still known as the Lovibond Test. It was expected that Uncle
Jack Lovibond would take over when T.W. retired, but Jack was so badly
shot up during the war that Raymond was asked to take over in 1919. He
moved to 1 Westfield Grove in Gosforth and made a success of it, ending
up with a sizeable holding in the business.
Raymond was killed while climbing in the French Alps. His son Peter was
with him in the party at the time of the accident.
Phillis ("Granny Bick") stayed on at 1 Westfield Grove and created a
successful PNEU school there. Ellen took over the running of it and
continued sucessfully there till 1975.
Ellen Bicknell's obituary in the Independent newspaper, written by
Leonard Miall with help from others, is reproduced here in full:
INDEPENDENT 17 Nov 94
Obituary: Ellen BICKNELL
By LEONARD MIALL
Ellen Phillis BICKNELL, schoolteacher:
born Newmarket 29 May 1902; died Hexham 20 October 1994.
Ellen BICKNELL was one of those rare people who carry on into
their nineties - despite severe physical infirmity - the
enthusiasm, interests and talents of their youth. 'I cannot
breathe and I cannot walk,' she said recently. 'So I cannot
understand why the last 10 years have been the happiest of my
life.' She was an ex-headmistress whose former pupils devotedly
flocked back to visit her, for she had a keen and sympathetic
interest in people of all ages, especially the young. In her
eighties, although in continuous pain, she took up lace-making.
The sale of this beautiful work, and of the postcard
reproductions of delicate botanical drawings she had started in
her twenties, raised some pounds 15,000 for charity. The BBC was
so impressed by a recording she made on her memories of India for
its recent Radio 4 series The Raj that it came back to tape
further reminiscences of this clear-minded nonagenarian for a
programme yet to be broadcast. She made a triumph of old age.
After training at the Charlotte Mason College at Ambleside, in
the Lake District, and a short period teaching in a school at
Bude, Ellen BICKNELL returned in 1923 to her parents' house in
Gosforth, Newcastle upon Tyne, to form a small class round her
five-year-old brother Nigel. When four years later her father,
a distinguished mountaineer, was killed in an alpine accident,
she decided to consolidate the class and it became officially the
Westfield PNEU School, affectionately known to the pupils as
It was run on Parents' National Educational Union principles. The
three Rs were well and methodically taught, but many wider
interests were richly covered. These included raffia, leather and
felt work, sewing and smocking, netball, tennis and country
dancing, reflecting Ellen Bicknell's own skills and enthusiasms.
Her pupils often found her brusque manner intimidating, but they
soon detected the warmth beneath the surface. In 1960 she
accepted an offer from a newly formed trust to purchase her
school as the junior house of a new Westfield Independent School
in Gosforth. To her delight, in her 87th year she attended, as
founder and guest of honour, the 65-year celebrations of the
flourishing Westfield School.
She had declined the invitation to continue as headmistress and
moved back to the Lake District, beloved since childhood. There,
with the help of her brother Peter, who taught architecture at
Cambridge, she built a small house at Brigsteer, in a paddock.
With wonderful views over the Lyth Valley to the Coniston Fells,
there for 20 years she shared the riches of the neighbourhood
with an endless stream of welcome visitors.
Ten years ago she was so incapacitated by emphysema that she
could no longer carry on alone. She returned to the North-East
to begin a new life at Hexham, creating what she called the
happiest years of her life. She returned briefly to Brigsteer
this summer to attend the wedding of a great-niece. Even at 92
she was still the kind of spinster aunt or great-aunt whose
lively interest in the activities of the young remained undimmed.
Some give her birthplace as Newmarket, Crisp as Glebe Farm, Moulton,
TMS 12 Sep 92 Lake District; Best Of Britain; Getting Away
What to read: The best modern guidebooks are The Good Guide to
the Lakes by Hunter Davies (Forster Davies, Pounds 3.95) and The
Holiday Which? Guide to the Lake District, edited by Tim Locke
(Consumers' Association and Hodder & Stoughton, Pounds 9.99). The
Illustrated Wordsworth's Guide to the Lakes, edited by Peter
BICKNELL, reprinted by Select Books, is a good buy.
Wainwright's Pictorial Guide to the Lakeland Fells is a
Liked to have the nickname Renchi used, diminutive from the Italian for
Jeff Lair is the great-grandson of General Sherman. His ancestor came to
America on the Mayflower.
Percy's father Elhanan was taken into partnership by his son-in-law
Langton. The risks of whaling were high; a boat could cost £10,000 to
equip, and only 1 in 3 came back from a whaling trip. But the successful
trip's netted 100% return on that outlay.
The family was well off, so Percy was able to live in some splendour in a
villa called Gurteen in Kings County, Ireland. He had married Lisa (Sarah
Elizabeth Smith) 6 Apr 1859 in Tipperary. In 1861 he inherited Elhanan's
share of the whale and candle business and tried to play his part while
still living in Gurteen.
Percy was admitted to the Vintners' Company 11 June 1857, Master
The company collapsed in 1902, leaving Percy penniless. He and Lisa
bought a small house in Burnham Beeches where he died 9 years later.
The remains of the Bicknell and Price candle factory is still there in
Wandsworth, London. A massive fire during the war (1943) was attended by
Claud Bicknell, Percy's grandson. Claud can remember to family name
engraved around the frieze. The company still trades today as Price's
Patent Candle, as a part of Shell Oil.
Some doubt about date of death: some sources give 1909, some 1911